How many IRA prisoners died on hunger strike?
Although ten men died during the course of the hunger strike, thirteen others began refusing food but were taken off hunger strike, either due to medical reasons or after intervention by their families.
When did the Irish hunger strike start?
October 27, 1980
1981 Irish hunger strike/Start dates
Which hunger striker died first?
During the protest 10 prisoners from the Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Irish National Liberation Army had starved themselves to death in the hunger strike. The first to die, Bobby Sands, was elected as a Member of Parliament in the United Kingdom during his hunger strike.
Has anyone ever died from a hunger strike?
The strike, however, was called off before any more deaths occurred. Michael Gaughan died after being force-fed in Parkhurst Prison in 1974. Frank Stagg, an IRA member being held in Wakefield Prison, died in 1976 after a 62-day hunger strike which he began as a campaign to be repatriated to Ireland.
What does a hunger strike do to your body?
What Does A Hunger Strike Do To The Human Body? Long-term refusal of food affects most organs and systems in the human body. Such behavior causes muscle weakness, vulnerability to infections, psychological problems, and, eventually, organ failure.
How long did the hunger strikes last in Ireland?
Prisoners refused food to pressure authorities to concede to various demands, ranging from improved conditions to political status or unconditional release. The hunger strikes usually lasted a few days and often ended with a compromise between the prisoners and the authorities or transfer of the prisoner to another prison.
When did the hunger strike start in Mountjoy Prison?
In early April 1920 IRA prisoners, some held with a charge for over six weeks, began to formulate a plan to carry out a hunger strike in Mountjoy Prison, Dublin where they demanded prisoner of war status. ‘Great excitement’ reigned in Dublin on Monday night 5 April when it was learned that the hunger strike had commenced.
Who was involved in the prison hunger strike in 1980?
The IRA shot and killed a number of prison officers, while loyalist paramilitaries shot and killed a number of activists in the National H-Block/Armagh Committee and badly injured McAliskey and her husband in an attempt on their lives. On 27 October 1980, republican prisoners in HM Prison Maze began a hunger strike.
Who was killed in the hunger strike in Cork?
Cork hunger striker Michael Fitzgerald had died on 17 October while twenty-four-year-old Joe Murphy died a few hours after MacSwiney. The nine surviving prisoners in Cork Men’s Jail lasted a staggering ninety days before Arthur Griffith intervened and called off the strike.