What are the composition of Supreme Court?
Composition: Art124 of the constitution provides that there shall be supreme court of India with consisting of chief Justice and seven judges. Further it says Parliament by law may increase the number of judges. The supreme court of present comprises 25 judges including chief Justice of India.
What is the composition and structure of the Supreme Court?
At present, the Supreme Court consists of thirty-one judges (one chief justice and thirty other judges). Supreme Court (Number of Judges) Bill of 2019 has added four judges to strength. It increased the judicial strength from 31 to 34, including the CJI.
What is the role and composition of the Supreme Court?
As an appeal court, The Supreme Court cannot consider a case unless a relevant order has been made in a lower court. The Supreme Court: hears appeals on arguable points of law of general public importance. concentrates on cases of the greatest public and constitutional importance.
What is the main function of Supreme Court?
The Supreme Court hears cases under its original and appellate jurisdictions. It is guardian of the Constitution and protector of fundamental rights. It acts as a Court of Record and can punish for its contempt.
What are the three functions of the Supreme Court?
The scope of powers of Supreme Court to hear and decide cases is called its jurisdiction. The Supreme Court has three types of jurisdictions namely original, appellate and advisory. Let us now examine the three jurisdictions. There are certain cases which fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
What are the 4 types of federal courts?
Learn more about the different types of federal courts.
- Supreme Court. The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States.
- Courts of Appeals. There are 13 appellate courts that sit below the U.S. Supreme Court, and they are called the U.S. Courts of Appeals.
- District Courts.
- Bankruptcy Courts.
- Article I Courts.
How does the Supreme Court work in Nigeria?
Decisions rendered by the court are binding on all courts in Nigeria except the Supreme Court itself. The Supreme Court is composed of the Chief Justice of Nigeria and such number of justices not more than 21, appointed by the President on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council, (NJC) and subject to confirmation by the Senate.
Who is the current Chief Justice of Nigeria?
Chief Justice of Nigeria. Currently. Walter Samuel Nkanu Onnoghen. The Supreme Court of Nigeria (SCN), is the highest court in Nigeria, and is located in the Central District, Abuja, in what is known as the Three Arms Zone, so called due to the proximity of the offices of the Presidential Complex, the National Assembly, and the Supreme Court.
How many judges are in the Nigerian Court of Appeal?
The Court of Appeal is the next one on the types of Nigerian courts and is situated in Abuja only, just like the Supreme Court. Established by Section 237 of the 1999 Constitution and headed by the President of the Court of Appeal, it comprises of 49 (forty-nine) judges at all times (every hearing).
How old do you have to be to be a Supreme Court justice in Nigeria?
Justices of the Supreme Court must be qualified to practice law in Nigeria, and must have been so qualified for a period not less than fifteen years. Justices of the Supreme Court of Nigeria have a mandatory retirement age of 70 years.