What did Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge do in Cambodia?
Under the Marxist leader Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge tried to take Cambodia back to the Middle Ages, forcing millions of people from the cities to work on communal farms in the countryside.
Who was Pol Pot and what was the goal of the Khmer Rouge?
Pol Pot was a political leader whose communist Khmer Rouge government led Cambodia from 1975 to 1979. During that time, an estimated 1.5 to 2 million Cambodians died of starvation, execution, disease or overwork.
Is the Khmer Rouge tribunal still active?
It is considered a hybrid court, as the ECCC was created by the government in conjunction with the UN, but remains independent of them, with trials held in Cambodia using Cambodian and international staff.
Did the Vietnamese help the Khmer Rouge?
During the second half of 1978, Vietnamese leaders devoted much of their energy towards the military campaign against the Khmer Rouge government, by seeking political support from the Soviet Union.
Why did the Khmer Rouge happen?
Inspired by the teachings of Mao Zedong, the Khmer Rouge came to espouse a radical agrarian ideology based on strict one-party rule, rejection of urban and Western ideas, and abolition of private property.
What religion was the Khmer Rouge?
The Khmer Rouge declared Buddhism to be a “reactionary religion” and denied its adherents even the theoretical rights accorded to other religions in the constitution.
Who helped the Khmer Rouge?
The Khmer Rouge army was slowly built up in the jungles of eastern Cambodia during the late 1960s, supported by the North Vietnamese army, the Viet Cong, the Pathet Lao, and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Who led the Khmer Rouge in Cambodia?
Pol Pot (/pɒl pɒt/, US: /poʊl/; Khmer: ប៉ុល ពត; 19 May 1925 – 15 April 1998, born Saloth Sar; Khmer: សាឡុត ស) was a Cambodian politician and revolutionary who led the Khmer Rouge from 1963 until 1997. From 1963 to 1981, he served as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea.
Who are the members of the Khmer Rouge Tribunal?
Although it is a national court, it was established as part of an agreement between the Royal Government of Cambodia and the United Nations, and its members include both local and foreign judges.
Who was the Prime Minister of Cambodia in 1979?
Pol Pot (born Saloth Sâr; 15 March 1925 – 15 April 1998) was a Cambodian politician who led Cambodia as the Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea between 1976 and 1979. Ideologically a Marxist–Leninist and Khmer nationalist, he was a leading member of Cambodia’s communist movement, the Khmer Rouge,…
What is the Extraordinary Chambers Law in Cambodia?
The Law on the Establishment of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed During the Period of Democratic Kampuchea establishes the crimes over which the Court has jurisdiction.