What is kulintang ensemble in the Philippines?
The term, “Kulintang,” is used interchangeably to refer to the instrumental ensemble of gongs and drums or a solo melody instrument consisting of a minimum of five to eight (standardized for Maguindanaon and Maranao cultures), bronze and brass gongs laid out in a single row (or more depending on the culture or region).
What is the form of kulintang ensemble?
Southeast Asian music …the more-developed ensemble is the kulintang, which, in its most common form, consists of seven or eight gongs in a row as melody instruments accompanied by three other gong types (a wide-rimmed pair; two narrow-rimmed pairs; one with turned-in rim) and a cylindrical drum.
Which is a fact about kulintang ensemble?
Kulintang is a woman’s instrument Traditionally, among various groups, kulintang ensembles are composed of mostly women. Among them are the Maguindanao, Maranao, Tausug, Sukul, Badjao and many others. The graceful, slow and relaxed movements of playing the kulintang was associated with the splendor of females.
What is a kulintang?
: a gong chime of the Philippines also : a musical ensemble made up of kulintangs In the 1950s, an awakening interest in indigenous music and dance led to a diffusion of the kulintang throughout the Philippines. —
How does the gamelan sound different from the Philippines kulintang ensemble?
It is also based upon the pentatonic scale. However, kulintang music differs in many aspects from gamelan music. The greatest difference is the way in which a gamelan ensemble constructs melodies within a skeletal framework of tones, with a prescribed time interval for the entry of each instrument.
What can you say about the musical instrument of Mindanao?
KULINTANG ~ is a modern term for an ancient instrumental form of music composed on a row of small, horizontally-laid gongs that function melodically, accompanied by larger, suspended gongs and drums. DABAKAN ~ is a single-headed Philippine drum, primarily used as a supportive instrument in the kulintang ensemble.
What is kulintang made of?
The kulintang frame is known as an “antangan” by the Maguindanao (which means to “arrange”) and “langkonga” by the Maranao. The frame can be crude, made from simple bamboo/wooden poles, or it can be highly decorated and rich with traditional okil/okir motifs or arabesque designs.
Where is kulintang used?
Kulintang music generally could be found as the social entertainment at a host of different occasions. It is used during large feasts, festive/harvest gatherings, for entertainment of visiting friends and relatives, and at parades.
Why are the Mahori instrument historically small?
This miniature sized ranat was thought to blend more happily with the delicate sound of the strings than the louder, larger instrument used in the Piphat Ensembles.
What is the most important metallophone instrument in wayang performances?
Among the many instruments in the ensemble, the most important for wayang kulit is the gendér. This metallophone accompanies all narratives, sulukan, and musical compositions. Because of the importance of this instrument, it is always positioned directly behind the dhalang.
How did kulintang arrive in the Philippines?
One theory suggest that the bronze gong had an ancient history in Southeast Asia, arriving in the Indonesian archipelago two or even three thousand years ago, making its way to the Philippines from China in the 3rd century AD.
What kind of music do they play in kulintang?
Kulintangan is an ancient form of orchestra music which predates the influences of Islam, Christianity or the West in the Philippine Islands (PI). As part of the larger ‘knobbed gong-chime culture’ of Southeast Asia, kulintang music ensembles have been playing for centuries.
Where can you find kulintang in the Philippines?
Kulintang of the Southern Philippines is part of a larger, ancient gong and chime tradition found throughout Southeast Asia. The term refers to both the instrument, which comprises eight knobbed gongs laid horizontally on a wooden frame; as well as the larger ensemble, which includes several other suspended gongs and drums.
How many gongs are in a kulintang gong?
Kulintang. The instrument called the “kulintang” (or its other derivative terms) consist of a row/set of 5 to 9 graduated pot gongs, horizontally laid upon a frame arranged in order of pitch with the lowest gong found on the players’ left.
Who are the members of the kulintang collective?
Lipat-Chesler is one of the founding members of the collective, alongside Bernard Ellorin, Peter de Guzman and Mary Talusan Lacanlale. Although many today associate kulintang music with Mindanao’s Muslim community, the tribal tradition predates the late-13th century arrival of Islam in the Philippines.