What is recombinant EPO?
Recombinant erythropoietin is a man-made version of natural erythropoietin. It is produced by cloning the gene for erythropoietin. Recombinant erythropoietin drugs are known as erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs).
How is recombinant EPO produced?
rhEPO is produced with the use of cells transfected with either the human EPO gene or EPO cDNA (the coding sequence of the gene) linked to an expression vector (‘recombinant DNA’), which are integrated into the genome of the host cell and stably expressed over time.
What is recombinant erythropoietin used for?
Recombinant human erythropoietins (rHuEPO) are erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) used in the treatment of anemia resulting from chronic kidney disease, treatments for cancer or HIV infection. They are also used perioperatively in some surgical patients.
How is Epogen produced?
Erythropoietin (EPO) is an amino acid glycoprotein hormone synthesized and secreted by interstitial cells to stimulate the production of red blood cells in the bone marrow in response to falling levels of oxygen in the tissues.
Is EPO an illegal drug?
The gold-dust vial of intravenous EPO used by some top athletes is a prescription drug that is illegal to own without medical justification, illegal to sell and very illegal to administer to others. EPO Boost, however, is completely legit.
How is EPO taken?
You have erythropoietin as an injection under the skin (subcutaneously). It is usually given into the thigh or tummy. A nurse can teach you, or a person caring for you, how to inject it. If you or a carer cannot give the injections, a district or practice nurse may do it for you.
Where is EPO produced?
The major site of Epo production is the kidney, while the liver is the main extrarenal site of Epo production. Within these organs, the cells synthesizing Epo were identified by using in situ hybridization in hypoxic animals with an increased Epo mRNA expression.
Is EPO addictive?
Cycling’s drug of choice in the mid-1990s was erythropoietin (EPO), a synthetic form of the human hormone that stimulates red blood cell production. Users have described a stimulant effect when it is injected intravenously and Donati thinks it may be physically as well as psychologically addictive.
Why is erythropoietin made in the kidney?
The kidney cells that make erythropoietin are sensitive to low oxygen levels in the blood that travels through the kidney. These cells make and release erythropoietin when the oxygen level is too low. A low oxygen level may indicate a diminished number of red blood cells ( anemia ), or hemoglobin molecules that carry oxygen through the body.
Erythropoietin (EPO) is a peptide hormone that is produced by the kidneys in response to hypoxia sensed by pericellular cells positioned in the vasculature of the renal matrix.175.
What does erythropoietin, recombinant mean?
Recombinant erythropoietin is a man-made version of natural erythropoietin. It is produced by cloning the gene for erythropoietin. Recombinant erythropoietin drugs are known as erythropoietin-stimulating agents (ESAs). These drugs are given by injection (shot) and work by stimulating the production of more red blood cells.
How is erythropoietin administered?
Erythropoietin is a clear, colorless liquid that must be kept refrigerated. It is administered as an intravenous injection or an injection directly underneath the skin, referred to as a subcutaneous injection. There are several dosing schedules used to treat patients with anemia.