## What problem did Hardy and Weinberg solve?

1) No gene mutations may occur and therefore allele changes do not occur. 2) There must be no migration of individuals either into or out of the population. 3) Random mating must occur, meaning individuals mate by chance. 4) No genetic drift, a chance change in allele frequency, may occur.

**What are the 5 conditions that must be met for the Hardy-Weinberg frequencies to be valid?**

The Hardy-Weinberg model states that a population will remain at genetic equilibrium as long as five conditions are met: (1) No change in the DNA sequence, (2) No migration, (3) A very large population size, (4) Random mating, and (5) No natural selection.

### How do you find the P and Q values in Hardy-Weinberg?

In a Hardy Weinberg question, if they give you the # of Homozygous dominant, # of heterozygous and the # of homozygous recessive. You can calculate the p and q by using the total number of alleles of p or q divided by the total number of alleles in the population or finding q^2 to find q.

**Are human in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium?**

12.3. When a population meets all the Hardy-Weinberg conditions, it is said to be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). Human populations do not meet all the conditions of HWE exactly, and their allele frequencies will change from one generation to the next, so the population evolves.

#### How do you find P and Q of a population?

To find q, simply take the square root of 0.09 to get 0.3. Since p = 1 – 0.3, then p must equal 0.7. 2pq = 2 (0.7 x 0.3) = 0.42 = 42% of the population are heterozygotes (carriers).

**How do you describe population genetics?**

Population genetics is the study of genetic variation within and among populations and the evolutionary factors that explain this variation. Its foundation is the Hardy – Weinberg law, which is maintained as long as population size is large, mating is at random, and mutation, selection and migration are negligible.

## What is population genetics about?

Population genetics is a subfield of genetics that deals with genetic differences within and between populations, and is a part of evolutionary biology. Studies in this branch of biology examine such phenomena as adaptation, speciation , and population structure.

**What is the Hardy Weinberg equation?**

As such, evolution does happen in populations. Based on the idealized conditions, Hardy and Weinberg developed an equation for predicting genetic outcomes in a non-evolving population over time. This equation, p2 + 2pq + q2 = 1, is also known as the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium equation.

### What is Hardy Weinberg?

The Hardy-Weinberg principle was developed by the mathematician Godfrey Hardy and physician Wilhelm Weinberg in the early 1900’s. They constructed a model for predicting genotype and allele frequencies in a non-evolving population.