What was the purpose of the Hong Kong land reclamation Project?
The reclamation of land from the ocean has long been used in mountainous Hong Kong to expand the limited supply of usable land with a total of around 60 square kilometres of land created by 1996.
How did Hong Kong reclaim land?
In Hong Kong, land reclamation projects are normally completed by excavating soil from mountains along the coastline. The debris is then used to either extend the coastline or create artificial islands. The first modern use of land reclamation as a policy measure in Hong Kong occurred in 1851.
Who started the Hong Kong land reclamation?
Catchick Paul Chater
Indian-born Armenian businessman Catchick Paul Chater hatched a plan to reclaim 24 hectares of land in the middle of Central. When work finished around 1900, the new land became the city’s most prized real estate, providing space for the Hong Kong Club, Supreme Court and Statue Square.
What are some land reclamation projects?
Notable examples of coastal land reclamation include Hong Kong, Singapore, the Netherlands (OSPAR, 2008a,b; Hilton and Manning, 1995) and much of the coastline of mainland China (An et al., 2007). Artificial islands are an example of land reclamation.
What are the effects of land reclamation?
Reclamation usually leads to the decline of biological diversity, the decrease of natural wetlands, and the extinct of habitats for animals and plants. For migratory species, the living environment of marine plants and marine animals has been seriously affected.
What is an example of reclamation?
Reclamation is the process of getting something useful from waste, or getting something back that was previously thought of as waste. An example of a reclamation is how landfill employees sift through garbage to find usable items. An example of a reclamation is trees growing on land that was heavily logged.
What was the role of Reclamation in Hong Kong development?
However, Hong Kong has a hilly natural terrain with little flat land. To meet the needs of a growing population, the Government launched a series of reclamation projects in phases in 1850s-1900s at both sides of Victoria Harbour to expand Hong Kong Island and Kowloon Peninsula. These reclaimed lands were rapidly developed into urban area.
How much land has been reclaimed in Hong Kong?
Reclamation Area in Hong Kong The statistical figures show that the additional land created by reclamation in Hong Kong was about 500 to 700 ha every 5 years between 1985 and 2004. The reclaimed land under the Airport Core Programme was not included.
Why is reclamation needed outside of Victoria Harbour?
Land formed by reclamation has dropped significantly in recent years, thereby reducing the land supply. Thus, the Government proposes reclamation be carried out on an appropriate scale at suitable locations outside Victoria Harbour, aiming to restore the function of reclamation in land supply.
What was the purpose of the Wan Chai Reclamation?
Wan Chai Reclamation Phase I includes the formation of an island of 7.0 hectares at the northern side of the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre to provide land for building an extension to the Centre. The island configuration was to ensure that water quality in the vicinity remained at acceptable levels after reclamation was completed.