Why did the Elector of Saxony protect Luther?
He successfully protected Luther from the Holy Roman Emperor, the Pope and other hostile figures. He was led not by religious conviction but rather by his personal belief in a fair trial for any of his subjects (a privilege guaranteed by the imperial statutory law) and the rule of law.
What was Frederick the Wise known for?
Frederick the Wise is remembered as the man who saved Martin Luther from the fury of the Catholic Church. Frederick was born in Hartenfels Castle, Torgau in 1463, the first son of the Elector Ernst of the House of Wettin. In 1502 he founded the University of Wittenberg where Martin Luther taught.
What did Frederick William the Great Elector accomplish?
16, 1620, Cölln, near Berlin—died May 9, 1688, Potsdam, near Berlin), elector of Brandenburg (1640–88), who restored the Hohenzollern dominions after the devastations of the Thirty Years’ War—centralizing the political administration, reorganizing the state finances, rebuilding towns and cities, developing a strong …
Who was Frederick the Great and what did he do?
Frederick II, byname Frederick the Great, German Friedrich der Grosse, (born January 24, 1712, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]—died August 17, 1786, Potsdam, near Berlin), king of Prussia (1740–86), a brilliant military campaigner who, in a series of diplomatic stratagems and wars against Austria and other powers, greatly …
What Pope excommunicated Martin Luther and summoned him to the Diet of Worms?
Pope Leo X
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.
How did Luther respond to the peasants revolt?
Luther was at first sympathetic to the peasants’ cause, and he castigated their lords as tyrannical. As the rebellion escalated to violence, Luther took a harsher stance on the peasants, whom he now condemned as robbers and rebels to be killed on sight, as illuminated by the third passage.
What was the practice of selling church positions to the highest bidder?
Simony, the practice of selling church positions to the highest bidder regardless of the buyer’s religious background or training, was another practice that earned money for the Church. attainable simply through the purchase of enough indulgences.
What did Frederick William believe was the only way to ensure his family’s rule?
After seeing the destruction of the Thirty Years’ War, Frederick William, later known as the Great Elector, decided that having a strong army was the only way to ensure the safety of his realm.
How did Frederick II increase the size of Prussia?
Frederick II, known as Frederick the Great, was Prussia’s king from 1740 to 1786. By winning wars and expanding territories, he established Prussia as a strong military power.
What was Frederick the Great’s domestic policy what were the 2 main features?
In fact, the two overriding policies for Frederick were the security of the kingdom and the psychological urge to promote Prussia to establish his military and historical reputation.
What’s so great about Frederick?
The Warrior King of Prussia. Son of an abusive father, Frederick II blossomed when he took the throne. He attracted the great thinkers of Europe to his court while establishing Prussia as a dominant military power.
Who was the last person to be excommunicated?
She said Hickey did not consult with Pope John Paul II. The last person to incur public excommunication was Swiss Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, according to Msgr. John Tracy Ellis, a historian. Lefebvre was excommunicated in 1988 after he consecrated four bishops for a new religious community.
Who was the Elector of Saxony in the 17th century?
Portrait of Frederick III of Saxony (17th Century) Frederick III (17 January 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise (German Friedrich der Weise), was Elector of Saxony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly remembered for the worldly protection of his subject Martin Luther.
Frederick was the son of Ernest, Elector of Saxony and his wife Elisabeth, daughter of Albert III, Duke of Bavaria. He is notable as being one of the most powerful early defenders of Martin Luther. He successfully protected Luther from the Holy Roman Emperor, the Pope and other hostile figures.
How old was Frederick the wise when he died?
Frederick III, Elector of Saxony. Frederick III (17 January 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise ( German Friedrich der Weise ), was Elector of Saxony from 1486 to 1525, who is mostly remembered for the worldly protection of his subject Martin Luther . Frederick was the son of Ernest,…
Why did Frederick the Wise want to become emperor?
Frederick did not want to become emperor, however, and he reached an agreement with Charles V to support the young Habsburg king of Spain—and to impinge upon his fellow electors to do the same—provided that Charles repay an outstanding debt to the Saxons dating to 1497.