What are the indicators of poverty as seen by the social scientists?
Poverty as seen by social scientists: Income and level of consumption are the usual indicators of poverty. But many social scientists view poverty from many other parameters; like illiteracy, lack of general resistance due to malnutrition, lack of access to safe drinking water and sanitation, etc.
What are the major reasons for less effectiveness?
1 Answer. (i) One of the major reasons for less effectiveness is the lack of proper implementation and right targeting. (ii) Moreover, there has been a lot of overlapping of schemes. (iii) Despite good intentions, the benefits of these schemes do not reach the deserving poor completely.
How can we see poverty as a challenge?
A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfill basic needs. While determining the poverty line in India, a minimum level of food requirement, clothing, footwear, fuel and light, educational and medical requirement, etc.
Why poverty is considered as a challenge in our country?
Answer. Poverty is a major challenge in India, due to the wide difference between regions as well as rural and urban areas. Further, poverty should include not only the matter of adequate amount of food, but other factors like education, healthcare, shelter, job security, gender, equality, dignity and so on.
What is international poverty line?
The proportion of the population living below the international poverty line is the percentage living on less than US$ 1.90 a day at 2011 international prices. This poverty line has fixed purchasing power across countries or areas; hence, it is often called the “international poverty line”.
What is the food poverty line?
A “food” poverty line is based on the cost of the minimum nutritional requirement of 2,100 kilocalories per person per day, without any allowance for non-food basic necessities. The value of the food poverty line in 2011 prices was R335 per person per month (R547 in 2018).
What is national poverty line?
2021 POVERTY GUIDELINES FOR THE 48 CONTIGUOUS STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
|Persons in family/household||Poverty guideline|
How are socio cultural and economic factors responsible for poverty?
MANY SOCIO-CULTURAL AND ECONOMIC FACTORS ARE ALSO RESPONSIBLE FOR POVERTY.IN ORDER TO FULFILL SOCIAL OBLIGATIONS AND OBSERVE RELIGIOUS CEREMONIES , PEOPLE IN INDIA , INCLUDING THE VERY POOR , SPEND A LOT OF MONEY. SMALL FARMERS NEED MONEY TO BUY AGRICULTURAL INPUTS LIKE SEEDS , FERTILIZERS , PESTICIDES , ETC.