What is meant by the term New South?
The term “New South” refers to the economic shift from an exclusively agrarian society to one that embraced industrial development. Alabama’s natural resources, however, gave the state an advantage over some of its neighboring states in attracting investment and industry.
Who left the South at the end of Reconstruction?
President Rutherford B. Hayes
What was the most serious mistake of reconstruction?
The chief mistake of Reconstruction was conferring the right to vote on African-Americans, who, it was said, were incapable of exercising it intelligently.
How did Southern States rejoin the Union?
Congress also passed two amendments to the Constitution. The Fourteenth Amendment made African-Americans citizens and protected citizens from discriminatory state laws. Southern states were required to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment before being readmitted to the union.
How did the South feel about reconstruction?
section5. From the outset, Reconstruction governments aroused bitter opposition among the majority of white Southerners. Though they disagreed on specific policies, all of Reconstruction’s opponents agreed that the South must be ruled by white supremacy. The reasons for white opposition to Reconstruction were many.
What was happening in 1876?
July 4 – The United States celebrates its centennial. August 1 – Colorado is admitted as the 38th U.S. state (see History of Colorado). August 8 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph. September 6 – Southern Pacific line from Los Angeles to San Francisco completed.
When was the Second Reconstruction Act passed?
President Johnson signed the bill into law on July 2, 1964.
What were the elements of the new South?
Washington, New South advocates wanted southern economic regeneration, sectional reconciliation, racial harmony, and believed in the gospel of work. The rise of the New South however, involved the continued supremacy of whites over blacks, who had little or no political power.
What is most associated with the New South?
Cotton and mills
When did the South rejoin the Union?
In the summer of 1868, seven former Confederate states–Alabama (July 13, 1868), Arkansas (June 22, 1868), Florida (June 25, 1868), Georgia* (July 21, 1868), Louisiana (July 9, 1868), North Carolina (July 4, 1868), and South Carolina (July 9, 1868) are readmitted to the Union.
How did the Southern economy change during reconstruction?
During Reconstruction, many small white farmers, thrown into poverty by the war, entered into cotton production, a major change from prewar days when they concentrated on growing food for their own families. Out of the conflicts on the plantations, new systems of labor slowly emerged to take the place of slavery.
Who supported the Reconstruction Act of 1867?
Was the New South successful?
There were some New South successes. Birmingham, Alabama prospered from iron and steel manufacturing, and mining and furniture production benefited other parts of the South.
What was the New South Apush?
King Cotton was once the heralded “ruler” of the South, but following the Civil War this King shouldered the blame for the South’s losses. Many southern leaders believed that their reliance on one crop had made them vulnerable to the Union’s advances, and they pledged to diversify what they called the “New South.”
What did reconstruction do for the South?
The Reconstruction implemented by Congress, which lasted from 1866 to 1877, was aimed at reorganizing the Southern states after the Civil War, providing the means for readmitting them into the Union, and defining the means by which whites and blacks could live together in a nonslave society.
What was the significance of the 1876 election?
It was one of the most contentious presidential elections in American history, and gave rise to the Compromise of 1877 by which the Democrats conceded the election to Hayes in return for an end to Reconstruction and the withdrawal of federal troops from the South.