What is Section 6 of the ESA?
Section 6 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) provides a mechanism for cooperation between NOAA Fisheries and States in the conservation of threatened, endangered, and candidate species.
What are the maximum penalties for breaking the ESA?
Provisions of the ESA are enforced through citizen suits, as well as through civil and criminal penalties. A criminal violation may result in imprisonment and a fine of up to $50,000. A civil violation of a major provision may result in a $25,000 fine (knowing violation) or a $12,000 fine.
What is Section 10 of the ESA?
Section 10 of the Endangered Species Act regulates a range of activities that affect endangered or threatened plants and animals. With some exceptions, the Act prohibits activities affecting these protected species and their habitats unless authorized by a permit from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
What is Section 7 of the ESA?
Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act requires federal agencies to ensure that actions they authorize, fund, or carry out do not jeopardize the existence of any species listed under the ESA, or destroy or adversely modify designated critical habitat of any listed species.
What is 6th funding?
Part of the Endangered Species Act, Section 6 provides funding to states and U.S. territories for conservation activities benefitting threatened and endangered species on non-Federal lands. States and U.S. territories play a key role in catalyzing these efforts.
How is the Endangered Species Act funded?
Funding for ESA activities came from almost every level of the federal government. FWS spent $199 million of its $2.429-billion budget on the ESA. NOAA invested nearly $185 million. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers had the highest ESA expenses, at more than $327 million.
How many sections does the ESA have?
Three different departments of the federal government administer ESA: the Department of Interior (endangered animals generally), the Department of Commerce (marine mammals), and the Department of Agriculture (plants). ESA facilitates species recovery in several ways.
What is Section 9 of the ESA?
In general, Section 9 of the ESA prohibits persons from importing, exporting, transporting, or selling endangered species of fish, wildlife, and plants in interstate or foreign commerce. It is also illegal to “take” an endangered fish or wildlife species or possess taken species.
What does Section 7 of the ESA require?
Section 7 of the ESA requires Federal agencies to use their legal authorities to promote the conservation purposes of the ESA and to consult with the USFWS and NMFS, as appropriate, to ensure that effects of actions they authorize, fund, or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of listed …
What is the budget for the Endangered Species Act?
WASHINGTON— More than 170 groups today urged Congress to significantly increase the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s budget for endangered species conservation from $291.7 million to $592.1 million — an increase of about $300 million over last year’s budget.
What is a 4 ( d ) rule under the ESA?
What is a 4 (d) rule? The term “4 (d) rule” refers to protective regulations issued under section 4 (d) of the ESA for threatened species. Unlike endangered species, when a species is listed as threatened, the prohibitions identified in section 9 of the ESA do not automatically apply to that species.
Can a species be taken under the ESA?
The ESA prohibits any take of species listed as endangered, but some take of threatened species that does not interfere with survival and recovery may be allowed.
How does ESA Section 4 ( d ) apply to fisheries?
ESA Section 4 (d) applies only to species listed as threatened and involves regulations (also known as 4 (d) rules) to conserve these species. NOAA Fisheries uses ESA Section 4 (d) rules to help streamline ESA compliance.
When to use a 4 ( d ) rule?
A 4(d) rule can be used in such a situation if those conflicts would adversely affect recovery and if the reduced protection would not slow the species’ recovery. This type of 4(d) rule is already in effect for gray wolves.