What is the job of each branch?
Legislative—Makes laws (Congress, comprised of the House of Representatives and Senate) Executive—Carries out laws (president, vice president, Cabinet, most federal agencies) Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)
Who decides how many seats each state gets?
The Constitution provides that each state will have a minimum of one member in the U.S. House of Representatives, and then the apportionment calculation divides the remaining 385 seats among the 50 states. Congress decides the method used to calculate the apportionment.
What happens if a Senate candidate dies?
If a vacancy occurs due to a senator’s death, resignation, or expulsion, the Seventeenth Amendment allows state legislatures to empower the governor to appoint a replacement to complete the term or to hold office until a special election can take place. Some states require a special election to fill a vacancy.
What is the main job of the Senate?
The Senate takes action on bills, resolutions, amendments, motions, nominations, and treaties by voting. Senators vote in a variety of ways, including roll call votes, voice votes, and unanimous consent.
What are two ways Congress can check the power of the president?
The President in the executive branch can veto a law, but the legislative branch can override that veto with enough votes. The legislative branch has the power to approve Presidential nominations, control the budget, and can impeach the President and remove him or her from office.
What is the function of a senator?
Functions. The Senate, along with the United States House of Representatives, votes on which laws the United States should have. In most cases, both of these groups have to agree on the suggested law and the President has to sign it before it becomes a law.
What if there was no legislative branch and the president has the power?
What if there was no legislative branch and the president has the power to both make and enforce laws? He could pretty much just do whatever he wants to. Road island would barely have a say in any laws that were being made.
Why has the House of Representatives grown so much faster than the Senate?
Why has the House of Representatives grown so much faster than the Senate? Representation is based on population, and the US has grown steadily. The number of senators allowed per state has been routinely reduced. Fewer and fewer representatives have been re-elected to additional terms.
What is the Australian Senate?
The Senate is one of the two houses of the Australian Federal Parliament. It consists of 76 senators, twelve from each of the six states and two from each of the mainland territories. It shares the power to make laws with the other House of the Parliament, the House of Representatives.
How do you get elected to the Senate?
The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.
How frequent are Senate elections?
A Senate term is six years long, so senators may choose to run for reelection every six years unless they are appointed or elected in a special election to serve the remainder of a term.
Who would have been happier with their representation in the House?
The larger states should have been happier because they have larger populations that the smaller states. Since “the numbers of representatives shall not exceed for every thirty thousand”. The larger states would have more people representing them than the smaller states would.
How does the compound government provide double security?
“In the compound republic of America, the power surrendered by the people is first divided between two distinct governments, and the portion allotted to each subdivided among distinct and separate departments. Hence a double security arises to the rights of the people.
What is one way the Supreme Court can check the power of the Senate?
The Congress The vice-president becomes the deciding vote in the case of a tie in the Senate. The Supreme Court can check the Congress by declaring a law unconstitutional. This check isn’t actually part of the Constitution, but is considered a part of the law since the landmark ruling of Marbury V. Madison in 1803.
How do you address a member of Congress?
When formally introducing U.S. representatives, introduce them as “Congressman/Congresswoman,” or “the honorable,” followed by his or her last name and “the representative from” and the state represented. State representatives should be formally introduced as Mr., Mrs. or Ms., followed by his or her last name.
How many seats are in the Senate House?
There are a total of 535 Members of Congress. 100 serve in the U.S. Senate and 435 serve in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Can a senator be prime minister?
This is by convention—tradition—; there is no rule that the Prime Minister can not be a senator. However, the Prime Minister, as the leader of the government, would want to be a member of the House of Representatives because this is where government is formed.
Which states have the most representatives in the House?
Districts per state
- State with the most: California (53), same as in 2000.
- States with the fewest (only one district “at-large”): Alaska, Delaware, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont and Wyoming. Alaska and Wyoming are the only states that have never had more than one district.
What is the main idea in Madison quote?
What is the main idea of the Madison quote? Madison is saying that government powers must be split among the three branches and that no powers should be shared by more than one branch. The Legislative Branch (House of Representatives & Senate) has the power to MAKE laws.
What number is the current Senate?
There are currently 100 senators representing the 50 states….
|United States Senate|
|Seats||100 51 (or 50 plus the Vice President) for a majority|
|Political groups||Majority (50) Democratic (48) Independent (2) Minority (50) Republican (50)|
|Length of term||6 years|
What branch is the Senate in?
Established by the Constitution as one chamber of the federal government’s legislative branch, the United States Senate is comprised of one hundred members—two senators from each of the 50 states—who serve six-year, overlapping terms.