What was the effect of the Dirty War in Argentina?
The military dictatorship that resulted called itself the “Process of National Reorganization,” or “Proceso,” and dubbed its activities the Dirty War. But the war wasn’t with outside forces: It was with the Argentinian people. The war ushered in a period of state-sponsored period of torture and terrorism.
What ended the Dirty War in Argentina?
1976 – 1983
How did the Argentine Dirty War start?
After a military junta led by Gen Jorge Videla seized power in Argentina on 24 March 1976, it began a campaign to wipe out left-wing opponents. Some 30,000 people were killed or forcibly disappeared during the “Dirty War”, as the campaign came to be known.
What was the purpose of the dirty war?
The new regime under General Jorge Rafael Videla attempted to apply a monetarist solution to economic problems and launched what it called the war against subversion, which came to be widely known to others as the “dirty war”, in an attempt to defeat definitively left-wing guerrilla activity that was out of control by …
When was Argentina’s dirty war?
Why did the dirty war occur?
The “dirty war” was a campaign waged by Argentina’s military rulers against left-wing opponents. It began when a military junta led by Gen Jorge Videla seized power on 24 March 1976, in response to a period of political instability and growing violence after the death of President Juan Peron.
What are dirty wars?
Dirty wars are offensives conducted by regimes against their dissidents, marked by the use of torture and forced disappearance of civilians.
What did Argentina do during the Dirty War?
Argentine military and security forces also created paramilitary death squads, operating behind “fronts” as supposedly independent units. Argentina coordinated actions with other South American dictatorships during Operation Condor.
What did the military do during the Dirty War?
The junta, calling itself the National Reorganization Process, organized and carried out strong repression of political dissidents (or perceived as such) through the government’s military and security forces. They were responsible for the arrest, torture, killings and/or forced disappearances of an estimated 9,000 people.
Who was the US Secretary of State during the Dirty War?
Although at least six U.S. citizens had been “disappeared” by the Argentine military by 1976, high-ranking state department officials including then Secretary of State Henry Kissinger had secretly backed up Argentina’s new military rulers.
Why was the Dirty War called desaparecidos?
These actions against victims called desaparecidos because they simply “disappeared” without explanation were confirmed via Scilingo, who has publicly confessed his participation in the Dirty War, stating that the Argentinian military “did worse things than the Nazis”.