Who is minority according to Uno?
Adopted by consensus in 1992, the United Nations Minorities Declaration in its article 1 refers to minorities as based on national or ethnic, cultural, religious and linguistic identity, and provides that States should protect their existence.
What is Article 31A?
Article 31A in The Constitution Of India 1949. 31A. Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates, etc ( 1 ) Notwithstanding anything contained in Article 13, no law providing for. (a) the acquisition by the State of any estate or of any rights therein or the extinguishment or modification of any such rights, or.
Who is OBC category?
In the Indian Constitution, OBCs are described as “socially and educationally backward classes”, and the Government of India is enjoined to ensure their social and educational development — for example, the OBCs are entitled to 27% reservations in public sector employment and higher education.
What is the meaning of religious minority?
An ethnic, religious or linguistic minority is any group of persons which constitutes less than half of the population in the entire territory of a State whose members share common characteristics of culture, religion or language, or a combination of any of these.
Who is chairman of Minority Commission?
National Commission for Minorities Chairman Shri Ghayorul Hasan and NCM Members met me at Antyodaya Bhawan .
Is the largest minority religious group in the country?
Islam is a monotheistic religion centered on the belief in one God and following the example of Muhammad; it is the largest minority religion in India. About 14.2% of the country’s population or approx. 200 million people identify as adherents of Islam (2018 estimate).
Who are included in minority group?
The following communities have been notified as minority communities by the Government of India, Ministry of Minority Affairs;
Why is Article 30 important?
Article 30 has been called “limits on tyrants.” It gives all of us freedom from State or personal interference in the rights in all the preceding Articles. However, it also stresses that we may not exercise these rights in contravention of the purposes of the United Nations.
What is meant by minority category?
Minority, a culturally, ethnically, or racially distinct group that coexists with but is subordinate to a more dominant group. As the term is used in the social sciences, this subordinacy is the chief defining characteristic of a minority group. As such, minority status does not necessarily correlate to population.
How many minorities are in India?
As per the Census 2011, the percentage of minorities in the country is about 19.3% of the total population of the country. The population of Muslims are 14.2%; Christians 2.3%; Sikhs 1.7%, Buddhists 0.7%, Jain 0.4% and Parsis 0.006%.
How many members are in the minority commission?
The act states that the Commission shall consist of: a Chairperson, a Vice Chairperson and. Five Members to be nominated by the Central Government from amongst persons of eminence, ability and integrity; provided that five members including the Chairperson shall be from amongst the minority communities.
Is Jain a minority community in India?
Jainism is considered to be a legally distinct religion in India. On 30 January 2014, the Government of India explicitly awarded the status of a “minority religion” to the Jain community in India, as per Section 2(c) of the National Commission for Minorities (NCM) Act (NCM), 1992.
Is OBC a religious minority community?
Minorities in the Indian context means minority religions – Muslims, Christians, Jains, Sikhs etc. SC, ST, OBC are not in minority. They are not minority castes, they predominantly belong to Hinduism and are Hindus.
What is a minority give 2 examples of minority groups in Australia?
Minority based and advocacy organisations
- General. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Justice.
- Aboriginal peoples. Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation (ANTaR)
- South Sea Islanders. Australian South Sea Islanders Secretariat (ASSIS)
What is minority candidature type?
(3) Minority Candidature. – The Maharashtra domiciled Candidate belonging to a particular Linguistic or Religious Minority Community from within the State and as notified by the Government are eligible under this Category.